Understanding the Role of Qualitative Data Methods in Community Health Needs Assessment
One qualitative method of data collection that would be most effective in understanding health issues in the community is interviews. Semi-structured interviews can be conducted on individuals or groups to develop an understanding of the health issues facing the community. Semi-structured interviews are made up of several questions that a researcher uses to explore the topic of study while having the freedom to diverge in order to pursue an idea in details.
This data collection method would be the best to collect information regarding the feelings, opinions, actions and perceptions of community members in regards to the health issues that they face. This is because the interview format will help in providing guidance on the questions to ask with the flexibility of the researcher to ask more questions about a particular response or idea. Conducting both individual and group interviews would also help identify both individual and group opinions and perception about the environment and health issues facing the community.
While conducting qualitative research using a method like interviews, it is important for the researcher to develop trust with the respondents as this would impact the accuracy of the information that the respondents give. For a health educator, developing trust with community member is critical as it encourages community member to be honest and more willing to share information related to the environment and their health. In addition, trust increases the likelihood of the community to accept and follow through the advice and recommendations that are given by the health educator in response to particular health issues. Developing trust would help in collecting more relevant and accurate qualitative data from the community members. Trust eliminates the suspicion and uneasiness between community members and health educators who come to the community to conduct research.