Obesity in adults

Obesity in adults

Introduction

Rising cases of obesity have been reported in various parts of the world. This is due to a change to unhealthy lifestyles, age, unhealthy environments, genetics and gender among others. Factors such as genetics and gender cannot be controlled, and therefore, adult obesity is mainly caused by a change in lifestyle to that which is unhealthy as well as exposure to chemicals such as obesogens that result to overweight and obesity. This paper will focus on the effect of lifestyle on adult obesity, its effects, causes and preventive measures.

Effects of obesity

Obesity can affect an individual in many ways, both psychologically and physically. This is because of the critics and segregation that a person faces from the society and therefore, depression and other conditions associated with stress develop. Moreover, obesity has its own related complications such as diabetes, high blood pressure, cancer, liver complications among others (National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, 2017)

. Obesity also affects the community as a whole, especially when treatments costs are born by the entire community.

Lifestyle as a contributing factor to obesity

Adult obesity is caused by various factors, among them unhealthy lifestyle. This is because some adults are actually born healthy, but due to their lifestyles, they develop obesity (National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, 2017). These are caused by such reasons as unhealthy diets, lack of enough physical activity, inadequate sleep as well as increased stress levels. These can be due to ignorance on healthy diets, limited facilities for physical exercise, overworking, which leads to lack of enough sleep associated with hormones that lead to more hunger and hence increased quantities of food consumed. High stress levels affect the brain and lead to the generation of a hormone that increases the urge to eat or not to eat at all. If the stress is habitual, it leads to increased hunger levels that make the person to eat more and accumulate a lot of fat. Limited physical activities is related to increase time consumed watching TV, playing video games as well as working in the office for long hours.

Preventive measures

There are several measures that can be taken to reduce the chance of becoming obese, which mainly involve a change of lifestyle. These include change of the eating patterns to those that ensure a balanced diet with just enough calories and less additional sugars (National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, 2017). It also improves consumption of less saturated fats, which are hardly digested and are therefore accumulated in the body which is harmful to health. More awareness about healthy eating habits should be created through the media as well as seminars and other socialization platforms. Moreover, physical activities should be undertaken such as jogging, taking the stairs rather than lifts and going to the gym. These not only enable the person to burn any extra calories but also improves their mental activity and brain performance. The progress can be measured by the body mass index, which is a relationship between the height and weight of the person. Therefore, a reduction in weight leads to a lowered body mass index which is healthier. Less time watching TV, playing video games and using the computer should be considered in enhancing physical performance.

Sociological theory

The healthy lifestyle theory shows a relationship between lifestyle and obesity. Therefore, unhealthy lifestyles in the society leads to increased levels of obesity. The society therefore has a role in the reduction of obesity through the provision of information on healthy lifestyles. This is done through various platforms as media and social gatherings. Moreover, information on the effects of consumption is also provided on the products such as the quantities of ingredients included. Education on early diagnosis should also be provided in these platforms. More physical fitness facilities such as gyms can be established.

 

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