Obesity is a condition used to refer to a person having excess body fat. It is also a common term that is used to describe a person who has excess body weight based on a method known as body mass index (BMI). BMI is a measure on whether or not a person has a healthy weight in relation to height. In order to calculate BMI, one should have height measurements in terms of feet and inches and weight measurement in terms of pounds. Based on calculations from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute NIH online calculator, my body mass index is 24.4. This means that I am normal.
Obesity has reached epidemic proportions as about a third of world’s population was obese by 2005. In the state of Texas, two thirds of the population which translates to 66.7% are clinically obese or overweight (Combs, 2013).
People become obese when they drink or eat more calories than the body uses in daily activities or through exercise. The body then stores the excess calories in form of fats. Individuals become obese due to various factors including unhealthy eating habits, genetics, lifestyle, some types of medication, age, among other factors. However, unhealthy eating habits contribute most.
The new obesity epidemic is as a result of availability of unhealthy eating options and poor personal choices. There has been an increase in fast food chains and options and people still chose to eat these foods even after realizing that they are unhealthy.
In order to control obesity, individuals will need to adopt a healthy lifestyle in terms of what they eat and physical activity. Most of unhealthy lifestyle habits begin in childhood and by making healthy lifestyle a goal in the family setting, obesity will lessen in future.