The painting, “A Sunday on La Grande Jatte,” follows the impressionist style through the use of measured distances and proportions, geometric shapes, precise contours, and the monumental size. The artist also rendered his subject by utilizing tiny and precise brushstrokes of various colors close to one another to allow them to blend optically at a distance (Berns et al., 2006). The technique used in the painting is pointillism and a new form of primitivism. The painting addresses the social tension between modern city residents who gather in parks without interacting with each other. However, some scholars feel that the artist is trying to portray the growing middle class at leisure.
In “The Tub,” Edgar Degas uses sharp angles and two dimensions as the formal quality for the piece of work. This was important in ensuring that the work came out perfectly. Moreover, Edgar Degas was interested in investigating the modern woman and her surroundings. This encompassed nudity which was deemed erotic by the modernist artists. As such, his medium contributed to the appearance of his work alongside powdered pigments from dry sticks, which were applied directly on papers to form the linear basis of Degas pieces of art. The bathing woman is, however, perceived as a vision on 3-dimensional volumes. The artist creates a visual image that puzzles the viewer using a partial foreshortening of the pitchers as well as the shared edge (Armstrong, 1991).
In the “Vision after the Sermon,” Paul Gauguin distinguishes himself from the Impressionists by departing from the optical realism thereby focusing the viewer’s attention to the idea and intensity of the message with a modification of imagination (Galenson, 2009). The modified perspective allowing space to show the dominance of the woman as Jacob wrestles an angel in a ring. Gauguin moved to Pont-Aven to play a bigger role amongst the Pont-Aven School artists. However, he rejected both Realism and Impressionism in this work through a lack of unification of the picture with the horizon perspective, naturalistic use of color, and shade as well as light. He opted for abstracting the scene into a pattern and color fills with firm lines binding the flat plane shapes.