Marxism explains the development of human society. It uses a materialistic interpretation of historical development as well as social transformations to analyze societal conflicts and class relations (Törnquist, 2014). Marxism bears the idea that in a capitalist system of government, workers sell their labor, which ultimately translates into surplus value for the capitalist rather than the workers. Such an argument shows that capitalism is built on inequality, whose effects can shock economies, especially during financial crises. However, countries, such as India can benefit from Marxism and elevate the living standards of her citizens, who are serious impoverished.
The Effects Marxism in Today’s India
India has been experiencing an economic turmoil accompanied by a wave of social and political unrest. The Congress is corrupt, and lack of a majority in parliament leads coalition partners to engage in regime blackmail. As the media and imperialist institutions pressurize the government to cut subsidies on basic needs and food to the people, there is no better time to opt for Marxism than today (Klikauer, 2015). The country is characterized by a bourgeoisie class that controls the political parties and the media at the expense of the people in addition to supporting Hindu fundamentalists who benefit from profits and exploitation of the people (Törnquist, 2014).
However, India would have to deal with the caste system, which entrenches class struggles and dynastic, nationalistic, and religious conflicts. The unemployed population would serve as a reserve army of labor, from whose competition for jobs would keep wages at the minimum. Once more jobs are created and workers get better remunerations for their labor, power would somehow move to the hands of the people as they seek to preserve scarcity (Klikauer, 2015). The people would have the power to vote for politicians who enact laws that have the interests of the proletariats at heart. The leaders, on the hand, by embracing Marxism would evolve to propagators of humanist ideas and rationalism.
Tocqueville’s View of India
Tocqueville argued that equality of conditions or democracy is central to most societies, which the people must try to make it work. Tocqueville would be surprised by the nature of democracy in India where people value the caste system, and people are not viewed as equals. The best things in life are the preserve of the upper castes with the lower caste being made to live a life of misery even if they are rich. Such is the power that has led to tyranny in India and forms a part of the country’s history. Additionally, Tocqueville would note the unchecked political power in India, where the upper class controlling the media and politics would lead to tyranny (Swedberg, 2009).
One would also notice that there is less independence of mind in India as the caste system spells out the life for every citizen. The resulting power for the upper class in the Indian society seems to dictate the marginalized individuals in the slums of various cities across the country as well as the unpopular minorities in the bottom castes (Swedberg, 2009). However, in some cases, India offers social mobility to those who want to work although the opportunities are limited. The entrepreneurial and creative Indians find better opportunities in other countries.
Radical equality would thus give rise to increased bourgeoisie materialism as well as individualism selfishness as witnessed in America, which India tries to emulate (Swedberg, 2009). Worth noting to Tocqueville would be the fact that not all Indians would enjoy the same rights and privileges, and thus a societal conflict would be inevitable at all times.