Liberty and Rights of Immigrants in the United States

The liberty and rights accorded to immigrants in the United States are generally based upon citizenship, which binds the nation through shared values of freedom and equality. The contributions of immigrants are evident in the progress the country has made since it was founded and built by immigrants. It is thus important to uphold the rights of immigrants because when a vulnerable group is denied its legal rights and due process, then everyone’s rights are in jeopardy. The vulnerable groups include non-citizens and immigrants, who may be the targets of abuse. 

However, the United States government offers full equality of rights and opportunities to immigrants in addition to helping them realize the American dream. Under the nation’s constitution, foreigners are not allowed to enter the United States, but it protects them from racial discrimination and mistreatment once they have gained entry into the country. Immigrants, such as Hispanics are allowed to work and pay taxes as well as being subject to getting drafted to the military. Moreover, any unconstitutional laws and practices against Hispanics are challenged through the Immigrants’ Rights Project (Nevis, 2014).

The federal and state governments have accorded Hispanics the right to establish new businesses in the country, thus creating more employment opportunities for Americans. This refutes the claim that immigrants take jobs away from the American citizens. Further, Hispanic immigrants have assisted in growing the economy by raising the productivity of the existing businesses, capital investment and household consumption (Schoultz, 2014). To avert the Social Security crisis occasioned by the aging of the baby boomers, the government has encouraged Hispanic immigrants to take up jobs so that they can contribute to the Social Security system.

The government has the power to decide who migrates to the country and the prior circumstances. However, if any illegal immigrants get into the country, then the government should accord them the right to freedom of speech and religion, privacy as well as the other fundamental rights enjoyed by the citizens. Besides, through the law, Hispanics’ lives and liberty is protected and thus they can enter into business deals just like other American citizens and compete for labor (Huntington, 2004).

Hispanics are also accorded the right to health under the Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act of 1986. This Act requires all general hospitals to have emergency rooms that offer healthcare services to all patients with or without the ability to clear their bills. The Act has thus ensured that Hispanics and other immigrants who live in poverty get access to medical services, regardless of whether they use social services, such as Medicaid, or not (Delgado, 2012).

Moreover, increased diversity has been created by Hispanic immigrants, which translates into cultural and social variety in the country. Such Hispanics are likely to benefit from the mini-amnesty established by the president for foreigners who came into the country as children. The mini-amnesty would benefit over 800,000 Hispanic students enrolled in colleges in the country (Ngai, 2014). Further, the government recognizes the Hispanics who dropped out of high school as great assets to the United States (Huntington, 2004). 

To ensure that Hispanic immigrants have equal rights as American citizens, the government has granted them the right to vote. In 2014, more than 24.8 million Hispanics were eligible to vote, which translated into 11.3 percent of the total voters (Ngai, 2014). As such, politicians put the Hispanic immigrants on board to gain their votes with a promise of wage growth as well as a demonstration of respect by treating them just as the treat other American citizens. 

The government’s effort to ensure that Hispanics are accorded liberty, rights and economic equality has ensured that more United States-born children of immigrants are financially better off than their immigrant parents (Huntington, 2004). Moreover, they are more likely to get college education, less likely to become poor, and have equal chances of owning homes as the average American citizen. Further, the Hispanic immigrants have reciprocated by becoming more law-abiding and thus they are less likely to break the law than other American citizens (Schoultz, 2014).

Economically, it is estimated that the yearly income of illegal immigrants would be 15.1 percent higher supposing they were granted legal status (Delgado, 2012). Moreover, by gaining citizenship, the immigrants’ wages would increase by 10 percent because legal status gives one access to better jobs, boosts small-business creation as well as undocumented legal protection. Therefore, granting legal status and citizenship to Hispanic immigrants would spur economic growth, since the naturalized worker pays more income tax as he earns a higher wage, consumes more products thereby reducing the federal budget deficit (Nevis, 2014). 

Therefore, the presence of Hispanic immigrants is a win-win for both the country and the immigrants. Having the immigrants around sees the government gain extra income through tax revenues as well as job security to the American citizens, while the immigrants get jobs and protection from discrimination. Further, there has been active promotion of diversity in learning institutions through recruitment of minorities, particularly targeting Hispanic students. Through reaching out to Hispanics, the government seeks to increase access for minority students by extending scholarships and grants especially for those pursuing post-high school education.

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