Florida standards

THEME: Pronunciation and naming


Guess the word


Language: the children should be able to name the pictures 

Content: the children will segment the onset and rime in words and be able to name the pictures using one syllable words. 

LEARNING STRATEGIES: engaging students, differentiated instructions, learning assessment 

KEY VOCABULARY:   cat, rat, hat, bed, hen, pan


Flash cards, index cards, scissors, pictures and videos of one syllable items, onset and rime picture cards.


The warm up activity will involve a video about common animals with one syllable names and asking the children to name the animals.     



  • Introduce the rime to the children, segment the word into onset and rime, and ask the children to repeat after me. 
  • Discuss simple words that have similar rimes. 
  • Share picture cards that end with the same rimes.
  • Ask the children to name the pictured objects


  • The teacher will guide all the children to say the onset and rime for a chosen picture
  • Children will work in pairs or in groups to identify the picture of the onset and say the rime.     
  • The teacher will tell a short story using a video and ask the children to name items with one syllable 


  • The children will demonstrate their understanding by segmenting and blending the onset and rime in one syllable words. 
  • The children should be able to name animals that have one syllable


Provide the onset and rime picture cards and allow the children to use them on their own. Some children will need assistance to do this. 



The lesson plan I prepared was based on various elements of teaching principles that I have learnt throughout my course. I believe that as a teacher, one should use a variety of methods and that students should be allowed enough time to practice the language through reading, writing, listening and speaking. My personal observation about the teaching experience as well as the feedback I got from the classroom teacher have enabled me to identify my strengths, opportunities and what I can improve on. 

From the feedback from the classroom teacher, I realize I have different strengths and opportunities for growth. During the language lessons, I kept on asking questions and asking the students to engage in discussions. I wanted the students to engage in the lesson so as to facilitate learning. The teacher was happy about this approach and she was amazed at how the students were interactive in the lesson. In addition, I used audio recordings, videos and picture slides because I strongly believe that such materials can activate the students. The class teacher saw this as a good approach but she recommended the use of audios and visuals in the warm up sessions and not throughout the lessons as I did. 

In order to meet the needs of students with different learning styles, I used differentiated instructions whereby I used the same activity but different tasks for different students according to the learning styles. For instance, when it came to reading and answering questions, I gave the students choices on either answering some questions after the passage or answering all the questions. For some students, I asked them to list the names, places and numbers they read from a passage. I also used questions that relate to general ideas for those who are middle readers and for the advanced readers, I asked them detailed questions about the passages. In addition, I used passages with pictures so as to enable some students to visualize the stories and engage them. I realized that a teacher can never go wrong with use of visuals in various learning styles. 

In order to enable the students learn, practice and master content, I used various elements of teaching. I started the lesson by asking general questions or showing a short video clip about the topic to be studied. From there, I explained the material using audios, visuals and examples. I also asked a lot of questions about the topic to engage the students. I also used questions to understand what the students learn. I allowed the students to respond both orally and in writing to summarize what they learnt in the lessons. For instance, I asked the students to raise their hands when they hear any vocabulary taught during the lesson. This was, I was able to see students who were struggling with the concepts. I also allowed group discussions where I only acted as a facilitator or a guide. 

Lastly, as I went through the lesson plan and feedback from the classroom teacher, I realized that I used a lot of audios and visuals. I also learnt that i was good in asking realistic questions as they students were really engaging. I realized that I could have used more engaging tactics like use of role plays to engage the students more. Students like role playing and pretending so it would be a good idea to encourage them use their imagination and learn in the process. In future lessons, I would take more time to learn about my students and understand their unique needs so as to meet all their needs by the end of the lessons. I would also encourage the students to ask questions. 


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