Introduction to Psychology
Assignment 4.1 The mark of the group
Assignment 4.2 Innocent by standard?
Question 4 .1 Researchers have found that a person is most likely to comfort to a group in which he can work together so that each individual member achieves flow.
4.3 Social facilitation –improved performance in the presence of others occurs with simple or well-learned tasks but not with tasks that are difficult or not yet mastered
4.4 When elderly patients take an active part in managing their own care and surrender
4.5 Seligman’s research showed that a dog will respond with learned helplessness if it has received repeated shocks and has had the opportunity to escape but never tries to escape
4.6 The spotlight effect is our tendency to think that other people are watching us more closely than they actually are. An example is a point in time when in school one tripped on something, fell on their butt, and everybody actually saw that happen. It could be that one can remember that occasion, and it may not be the most embarrassing moments in life. Chances are that of all the people who saw that happen none remembers other than the victim. Interestingly, those which can recall the moment do not think it an as an embarrassing moment as the victim thinks. This is called the spotlight
4.7 People tend to accept responsibility for their successes or good qualities and blame circumstances or luck for their failures. This is self serving bias. It is any perceptual or cognitive process that is distorted by desire to maintain and enhance one’s self-esteem.
What’s in a face?
Assignment .2 Hardwired for happiness
Questions 5.1 According to Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, our most basic needs are physiologic and psychological needs and then we become motivated to fulfill our potential through self-actualization. Maslow based his ideas on his study of healthy, creative people.
5.2 Your instructor asked you to explain emotion from biological, psychological and social-cultural levels. Which of the following explanations represents all three levels?
Physiological arousal cognitive labeling, cultural explanations
The answer is Physiological arousal
5.3 Strangers placed in male – female piles where instructed to stare into each other
5.4 Women appear to be more sensitive to non-verbal cues than men. Which of the following research findings support this?
A. Women have an edge over men in spotting lies.
B. Women surpass men at reading emotional cues.
C. Research has found all of these things are true.
D. Women surpass men in determining whether a male-female couple is genuinely romantic or phony.
The answer is B.
Research has shown that women, more than men, are more likely to discern whether or not a couple is romantically involved or not. This is because women are more skilled at reading emotional cues.
5.5 Americans are more likely than Japanese to openly display their feelings by their facial expressions
5.6 To bring down anger, a good first step is to
retaliate verbally or physically
wait or “simmer down”
express anger in action or fantasy
review the grievance silently
5.8 A philosopher observed that we cannot escape envy, because there will always be someone more successful, more accomplished, or richer with whom to compare ourselves. In psychology, this observation is embodied in the relative deprivation principle.