War is an event that any country would never wish upon, but sometimes it just erupts and reigns havoc, and the most damage is felt by ordinary civilians who do not have the mechanisms to defend themselves. War can erupt because of difference in two or more factions who may want to control material wealth in a country, religious reasons, struggle for power, etc. On the other hand, peace is the absence of violence and retribution, with the presence of unity, freedom from conflict and tranquility. Sub-Saharan countries have been adversely affected by war and peace, which has attracted the attention of the international community, consequently leading to foreign aid. This paper will review the effects of war and peace on foreign aid in Somalia as a result of the actions of the leadership in the country.
Somalia has for quite a long time been confronted with civil war because of the absence of a steady government. The impact of the war is prominent; starving populace, dilapidated infrastructure, poor health and displacement of the nation’s natives into displaced person camps. The nation has additionally received a lot of foreign aid to help it intending to its present inconveniences, yet due to the proceeded predominance of war in the nation, no considerable gain has been seen.
Peace is a key component inefficient dissemination of foreign aid. Most developing countries that have kept up peace have seen change from social issues that may have emerged because of their financial state. Issues, for example, starvation can’t be legitimately mitigated because of poor assets, ailment flare-ups, etc. The role of foreign aid is to give a buffer to the developing nations from the staggering impacts of such issues and also to upgrade their improvement so that the countries can create manageable future instruments of anticipating such issues without essentially depending on foreign aid. Notwithstanding, it is just under peaceful conditions that such objectives can be accomplished (Nielsen et al., 2011).
The vast majority of the wars present in developing countries are instigated by politics, which infers that peace in developing nations is synonymous with stability in the country, similar to most of the countries in Africa (Besley and Persson, 2011). Peace is valuable for the appropriation of foreign aid in light of the fact that the subsequent presence of a steady government guarantees viable evaluation of the foreign aid until it achieves the coveted destination. Foreign aid is honored to developing countries in different forms, for example, finances, services, guns, fundamental wares and different merchandise. This makes their appraisal entirely troublesome because of their variable forms. Another critical variable that makes peace such a key element in the dispersion of foreign aid is the way that the social establishments of developing countries are fundamentally undeveloped and sophisticated in nature. This makes it a need to include neighborhood bodies, for example, the nations’ government in the appropriation process for expanded proficiency.
Such governments are just effective in a peaceful context which little restriction and sporadic assaults similar to the case in Somalia whereby the government has lost control of a few regions to the al-Shabaab local army. Of course, those territories under the control of the al-Shabaab army are the ones in critical need of foreign aid, rather than the ones under government control. The al-Shabaab in Somalia is constraining the dispersion of foreign aid through numerous ways, including decimation of key transport and correspondence framework, sporadic assaults on agents transporting foreign aid to the poor and also stealing (Rose, 2013). There was a time when foreign aid from Britain worth near one a million pounds was seized by the al-Shabaab in transit to their intended destination. The country has faced several interception of the humanitarian aid that is intended for troubled areas (Gilligan, 2013).
Having disrupted the dissemination of foreign aid to the destitute in Somalia, assaults by the al-Shabaab army enormously demoralized the recompense of different humanitarian aid with the British government writing off close to half a million pounds worth of humanitarian supplies to Somalia (Gilligan, 2013). This takes after comparable reports of food aid designated for the starving being stolen and sold for commercial purposes. Likewise alarming is the seizing of military arms proposed for peacekeepers (Katherine, 2011). This not just frustrates the appropriation of the foreign aid, yet also reinforces the al-Shabaab by furnishing them with weapons to proceed with their acts of terror. The Center for Public Integrity uncovered that the continuous war in Somalia has brought about far reaching corruption that is undermining the dispersion of humanitarian assistance in the nation (Akbar, 2011). The officials who are responsible for distributing the foreign aid are caught up in the web of corruption and embezzle the supplies meant for the needy.
The leadership of Somalia has undertaken in guaranteeing that the humanitarian aid recompensed to the country reaches the intended territories. A portion of the activities incorporate military battle in collaboration with outside powers, for example, the Kenya Defense Forces among other global armies which go for disposing of the far-reaching fear present in the nation. These endeavors have empowered the country recover a portion of the key areas which thus has enhanced the dissemination of foreign aid to the population. The authority has likewise offered armed backing to caravans going through the al-Shabaab controlled territories as a type of security to the humanitarian aid (Cooper, 2013). Because of the arrangement of military strengths both from Somalia and the worldwide group, endeavors to enhance the dispersion of foreign aid in the nation have been moderately fruitful (Rotberg, 2010). This is on the grounds that humanitarian aid as military help has empowered the country of Somalia to recover back the greater part of the towns, for example, Kismayu and Mogadishu in this way enhancing the span of foreign aid reach to those in need. There is the gradual reduction of impoverishment in the country of Somalia and improved economic activity as a result of foreign aid.