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The city of Tyre, modern Sur, was one of the most important cities in the ancient middle east. The city of Tyre controlled two natural harbors as it was built on the eastern Mediterranean island; this meant it was close to the shores and able to trade with merchants from all over the world. The city of Tyre remained wealthy because it was far from the mainland, which made it difficult to capture and loot. The city had a fertile coastal strip which spanned two kilometers wide along their coast; this made it possible to practice agricultural farming. There are two archeological sites of Bronze Age tombs in the present Sur; this means that the ancient city of Tyre was rich in bronze.
The city was rich in water; the main sources of water were Rashidiyeh, Ras el-Ain and Al-Bagbog, this made agriculture to prosper in the area. The area did not have its own source, so it depended on cisterns. In the tenth century BCE, Tyre replaced Sidon as the most prominent and successful city (Jigoulov, n.d.), this success has been credited by historians to king Hiram and Habiba’al. This prominence increased their trade around the region and made the city wealthier. The Assyrians threatened the city of Tyre because of its prosperity, so Tyre had to acquire precious articles from the west in order to buy them off. This situation increased the city’s influence to the western colonies and this made Tyre to flourish the more.

Tyrians were known for their skillful prowess, and some of them contributed their skills to building the temple of King Solomon. The Tyrians had a record of technical achievements and were good at commercial activities and therefore they were not given to war (Elayi, & Elayi, 2009). The Tyrians produced, metalware, glassware, and purple dyes, which were valuable especially to the monarchs, they also trafficked human beings.

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