The first disease is Asthma which is a lung disease that narrows the airways causing difficulty in breathing. Asthma is not communicable as it cannot be passed from one person to another. The second disease is diabetes characterized by high sugar levels in the body due to lack of insulin. Diabetes is a non-communicable disease. The third disease is Alzheimer’s disease which involves loss of memory due to degeneration of the brain and it is non-communicable.
The country to be studied is the United States as all these diseases are in the top ten leading causes of death in the country.
According to the Centre for Disease Control (2016), from 2014-2016 the number of asthma patients increased from 24 million to 25 million in the United States. The people with diabetes in 2014 were 29 million and it rose up to 31 million in 2016. The number of Americans with Alzheimer’s disease increased from 5.2 million in 2014 to 5.4 million in 2016.
The populations at risk with respect to asthma include male, black, young, smokers and people with allergies. The population at risk with respect to diabetes include those with family history of diabetes, overweight/obese, African Americans, female, and type 2 diabetes increases with age. Lastly, the population at risk with respect to Alzheimer’s disease includes old age, family history, and genetics.
Firstly, quality improvement is possible through process management. Process management entails proper management of all the activities in the health facility from planning to execution by ensuring that are effective and running according to plan. The second factor is continuous improvement where processes are reviewed and updated regularly based on evidence. Also, the skills of the employees need to continually improve through training.