Civil war in U.S and development of political structures
The development of political structures in America is believed to have been shaped by historical regional differences that existed dating back to the 19th century. It is through regions that the US began experiencing change in most of its political development and affiliations. Regionalism for instance is seen as one of the oldest and distinct feature of that affected America political life (Cox & Stokes, 2012). The differences brought about trade; however, the common trade in the south was slave trade. This lead to the idea of slavery as most people, especially blacks, were taken as slaves. Slavery led to resistant and anti-slavery campaign right from the president and the legal arms of government. For instance, looking at the election of President Lincoln, with his republican party, advocated that against slaves movement to the states they were not in. Though policies and laws are there, the idea of stereotyping and racism still remains a big issue in America. For instance, looking at the criminal justice administration and the rights of Africa- American rights to justice and the representation in in court, there is still a lot that needs to be done.
There are various causes of the civil war in America. This can are broadly categorized as immediate an intermediate causes. As America’s went into election electing president Lincoln various issues arose concerning his presidency and slaves. This is believed to have started the civil wars. The issue was raised by the southern extremist termed as fire-eaters. Republican Party by then was requested to stop the spread of slavery in U.S, especially in places where it did not exist. The republican later claimed that they had no power to do so. The concerns for the south extremist were three fourth majorities would be reached a constitutional amendment that would ban slaver to be done. This fear was accelerated by the fact that the president who did not receive even a single vote would use the federal government’s powers to interfere with the slavery business. The other cause is believed to be a failure to compromise on the situation. President Lincoln and his party were willing to go an extra mile to compromise, even to the extent of guaranteeing the extremist through a constitutional amendment that the federal government would leave the slavery business alone. But we’re not willing to compromise on the spread of slavery into territories, something which the extremist disagreed (Arnold & Wiener, 2011). The main issues here were slavery and the federal government’s position and the extremist from the south believed in, this could have been changed through dialogue, and the war could not have happened.
With the onset of the industrial revolution in America believed to have happened in the 19th century, the time civil wars were experienced. Most of the developments of industrial revolutions then changed the lives of many Americans. It is a well-known fact that people for different purposes such as own consumption changed with the industrial revolution production of goods and services. Two developments as a result of industrialization were crucial to better lives people lived. Most notably is the emergence of machines. In science, it is known that machines make work easier. This implied that devices and machines were used to replace manual work and thus the production increased and consequently there was reduction in price of commodities. I believe this was due to cheaper ways of production. Secondly is the development of machines gave rise to industries. Production of commodities from home shifted to industries, the goods become cheaper and most importantly, accessible to a vast majority of people (Van Horn & Schaffner, 2003). This is what is called economies of scale.