Business Research Methods: Questionnaires & Instruments 13.15

Questionnaires & Instruments 13.15

While conducting the general public survey of young adults and older adults, it is necessary to consider several topics in the survey. These topics will help in exploring the issue in the most objective manner. The following are the topics to include in the survey:

  • Academic skills and qualifications – This is one of the factors that highly affect the ability of a person to get employment as without skills and qualifications, one would not qualify for a job positioning. Addressing this topic would help to identify differences in the skills and qualifications between the younger population and the older population.
  • Work skills and competencies – Other than academic qualifications, most employers look for work skills and experiences in a potential employee. These can easily lead to increased unemployment rates (Wanberg, Kanfer & Banas, 2000).
  • Motivation of the job seeker – This would help to develop an understanding on the level of motivation of the job seekers especially among the young people in comparison with the older adults. Some people just cannot find work because they are not well motivated and cannot do all they can to find work. 
  • Confidence in looking for a job – Confidence also really matter in helping a person get employment. This could be one of the factors that are locking many unemployed youths out of employment. While a person might have the necessary academic skills and work experience, lack of confidence could result in someone not finding a job. 
  • Career guidance – This plays a role in determining the direction that a young job seeker wants to follow. By studying this topic, it would be easy to understand how career advice might have influenced the low unemployment rates.
  • Salary expectations – Some people would not take a job they are qualified for because it does not meet their salary and benefit expectations. This factor could also have different impacts between the younger population and the older population.
  • Willingness to move – A job might be available but a young person might not be willing to make the sacrifice of moving to a new location. In contrast, the older adults would have done anything to get employed and so willingness to move would not affect their readiness to accept a job offer (Abraham, 2013).
  • Networking skills – Ability to network and keep contacts with colleagues could help improve job search skills as it is easier to get a job when more people are able to tell about a job opening. However, these skills vary across individuals and generations.

Considering the above topics, the following questions will be necessary to ask to develop an understanding on the reasons for the high unemployment rates among the younger adults:

  • How long a person has been unemployed or looking for a job
  • How a person has been supporting him or herself during the period of unemployment
  • What reasons a respondent might think is affecting his or her ability to find work
  • What is the level of willingness of a job seeker to settle for a job position that does not meet his or her expectations in terms of salary, location and job duties?
  • For those who got a job, how did they get the job and how many jobs did they apply before starting work?
  • What do you think would help in improving the unemployment rates among the youth?


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