Business Ethics and Virtue Ethics

Evaluate several journal articles and websites, and determine whether each source is scholarly or non-scholarly.

  1. Edmund F. Byrne, author of the May 2002 article entitled “Business ethics: A helpful hybrid in search of integrity.” Published in the Journal of Business Ethics, Volume #37, Issue #2. The article is found on pages 121-133.

Edmund F. Byrne is an academic professor of philosophy at Indiana University Indianapolis and has written many books in the field. The author has written on his area of expertise and is associated with Indiana University, a reputable institution. The author and his works have also been cited by different scholars in other professions and publications. The source is relevant in the field of philosophy based on the date. The source has been published in the Journal of Business Ethics that is academic and peer-reviewed; hence the reference is a journal article. Based on the content, the author has fully addressed the topic of the study and has based his arguments on facts. The contents of the source were well researched and organized logically. There have also been reviews on the source and the author’ works mentioning its positive contributions. This makes the source scholarly. 

  1. Published in September 24, 2011, issue of The Economist. Article entitled “Business: The view from the top, and bottom; Corporate culture.” Pages 76-77.

This article is published in the economist, a newspaper that is a leading source analysis in international business. The author is still the publisher, which is a reputable organization that researches and writes on world affairs and international trade. The source is still relevant in the topic of corporate culture even though it was published in 2012. Since it is a newspaper, it does not have editions or revisions. The content of the source mainly talk about corporate culture, and how different companies consider values. The information covered is well researched but has some elements of opinions and interpreted facts. The publisher has also received positive reviews on previous works. However, this is not a scholarly source. 

  1. Article authored by Jonathan Dee entitled a “A Toy Maker’s Conscience,” and published in the New York Times Magazine. New York: Dec 23, 2007. p. 34 (6 pages).

This source is written by Jonathan Dee a novelist and fiction writer and published by the New York Times Magazine, a newspaper magazine that is read worldwide and writes about current affairs and news. The author is not affiliated to an academic institution and is rarely mentioned in other scholarly articles and sources. The article is out of date based on the date of publication since it is a magazine. It would have been more relevant if it was currently published. Based on the content, the information is for the general audience and the information covered is based on opinions. The information is not organized logically and the main points are not clearly presented. The information is not very reliable and so this is not a scholarly source.

  1. Article entitled: “75 years of lessons learned: chief executive officer values and corporate social responsibility,” authored by Carol-Ann Tetrault Sirsly, and published in the Journal of Management Historyin 2009. Volume 15, and Issue 1. p. 78

This source is written by Carol-Ann Tetrault Sirsly, an assistant professor in the Sprott School of business. The author has taught in the field of business and her work has been published in peer reviewed journals and conference papers. Based on the date of publication, the information is current and still relevant in the field of business. The source is published in the Journal of Management history a peer reviewed journal whose information is reliable. In the content, the author addresses the topic of corporate social responsibility basing the information on research and other sources. The information is well researched and organized logically for easy reading. This is therefore a scholarly source.

  1. Article entitled “Corporation communication, ethics, and operational identity: a case study of Benetton.” Was authored by Janet L. Borgerson, Jonathan E. Schroeder, Martin Escudero Magnusson, and Frank Magnusson. Found in a journal entitled “Business Ethics.” Oxford: July, 2009. Volume #18, Issue #3; p. 209.

Various authors most of whom are affiliated to academic institutions wrote this source. Some of the authors like Janet L. Borgerson, Jonathan and E. Schroeder have been mentioned in other sources in business ethics field. The source is found in the Business Ethics journal that is peer reviewed and is known to publish various works of empirical and conceptual analysis. The source is current and relevant base on its date of publication. The information in the book is intended for a specialized audience as it extensively covers the topic. The information is well researched and involves a case study whereby various principles discussed apply. The ideas and arguments presented are advanced, informative and organized logically. This makes the source credible and scholarly. 


This source is from Wikipedia, a source that has admitted to have unreliable information. The instructor has advised against using sources from Wikipedia because the information presented is not reliable. It is not easy to find Wikipedia being cited in other sources and bibliographies in previous study materials. The date is current since it was last updated on 30 August 2014 at 19:58. In the content section, the source covers general information on the topic of study but it is questionable because some of the information is not explained or cited. The information is organized logically, easy to read but does not appear to be well researched. Even though there is a reference section and the information is well cited, it is not reliable since it is from Wikipedia. In addition, the reviews on the source have been mostly negative. This makes the source unscholarly. 


This source is from Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy which is a peer reviewed and open-access online reference. It is affiliated to Stanford University that is a reputable institution. The source is known for credible information covering all areas of philosophy and has been cited in various academic sources and bibliographies. The source was first published in 2009 and this makes it reliable and current in the field of philosophy. This is a first edition of the source and this shows that it can be further revised to reflect changes in knowledge in future. In the content section, the information provided is based on research and factual information from various sources and scholars. The ideas and arguments appear to be well researched in a specialized topic in philosophy. There is also a list of references from where the information is obtained. This is therefore a scholarly journal.


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